PROPAGATION METHODS OF FRUIT CROPS

PROPAGATION METHODS OF FRUIT CROPS

Propagation
Propagation

1: APPLE

Apple trees can be propagated by many different means. Grafting, budding, layering and suckers are among the most popular and widely used methods of propagation. Selecting the right rootstock is an essential part of apple tree propagation.

Methods of Propagation

 1-Budding: 

  • T-budding
  • Chip budding
  • Ring budding (most commonly used).

2-Grafting: 

Most preferably used commercially.

  • Tongue grafting
  • WIP grafting
  • Splice grafting
  • Cleft grafting
  • Bark grafting “most commercially used method”

3-Cutting:

  • Stem cutting

4-Dwarf rootstock colonel propagation

5-Layering:

  • Mounding layering or stooling.

2: Citrus

Methods of Propagation

 1-Budding: 

  • T-budding (most commercially used method)
  • Inverted T-budding
  • Chip budding
  • Patch budding
  • Ring budding (most commonly used).
  • Citrus propagation methods
    Citrus propagation methods

2-Grafting: 

Most preferably used commercially.

  • Splice grafting
  • Cleft grafting
  • Bark grafting

3-Cutting:

  • Stem cutting (only used in sweet lime)

4-Top working: 

It is also used as the rejuvenation of orchard.

5-Layering:    

Air layering in lemons

Mango

Mango is one of the most popular of all tropical fruits.  Mangiferin,  being a polyphenolic antioxidant and a glucosyl xanthone,  it has strong antioxidant, anti-lipid peroxidation, immune modulation,  cardiotonic,  hypotensive,  wound healing,  anti-degenerative and anti-diabetic activities.

It is the national fruit of Pakistan.

Methods of Propagation

 1-Grafting: 

Most preferably used commercially.

  • Splice grafting
  • Cleft grafting
  • Bark grafting
  • Approach grafting (commercially used)
  • Side grafting
  • Tong grafting

2-Top working

3-seed:

For the development of rootstock for mango.

Guava

Introduction

Psidium guajava

Myrtaceae

Propagation methods

1-Seed

2-cutting

  • Semi-hardwood cuttings
  • Soft cuttings

3-Layering

  • Air layering

4-Grafting

5-Tissue culture

Banana

Introduction  

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Musa sapiantum.

FAMILY: Musaceae

ORIGIN: Asian tropics

The banana plant is a large perennial herb with leaf sheaths that form trunk-like pseudostems. The plant has 8 – 12 leaves that are up to 9 ft long and 2 ft wide. Root development may be extensive in loose soil in some cases up to 30 ft laterally.

Propagation  methods

1-Division

commercially used method.

  • Suckers

2-Tissue culture

3-Minisetting    (in the lab)

Date palm

Phoenix dactylifera,

Arecaceae

Propagation  methods

1-Seed propagation

2-Off shoot propagation   (most used commercial method)

3-Tissue propagation

Grapes

Propagation  methods

  • Hardwood Cuttings– Using dormant wood pruned off in the fall or winter.
  • Greenwood Cuttings– Best used in the growing season to multiply plants quickly.
  • Grafting– Used by vineyards when the specialized rootstock is required for disease resistance.
  • Layering– Used to fill in blank spots in a row or by home gardeners to expand a grape patch.
  • Growing from Seed– Not used commercially because grape varieties don’t come true to seed, but it can be fun to experiment and create new varieties.
  • Propagation  methods
    Propagation  methods

Pear, peach and plum

Propagation  methods

1-Budding: 

  • Chip budding
  • Patch budding
  • Ring budding

2-Grafting: 

Most preferably used commercially.

  • Splice grafting
  • Cleft grafting
  • Bark grafting

3-Top working:   It is also used as the rejuvenation of orchard.

4-Cutting

5-Layering:     Air layering.

6-Tissue culture.

Phalsa

Propagation methods

 1-Seed propagation (commercial use method)

2-Stem cutting

3- Micropropagation

Mulberry

Propagation methods

1-Seed

2-Grafting

  • Splice grafting
  • Tong grafting

3-Cutting

  • Hardwood cutting (commercially used method)

4-Layering

  • Air layering

Pomegranate

Propagation methods

 1-seeds

2-Hard wood cuttings (commercially used method)

3-Micropropagation

Persimmon

Propagation methods

 1-Seeds   for rootstock production

2-Grafting:  Most preferably used commercially.

  • Splice grafting
  • Cleft grafting
  • Bark grafting
  • Top working in fruit crops
    Top working in fruit crops

4-Cutting :

5-Layering:     Air layering.

6-Tissue culture.

Jack fruit

Propagation methods

1-Seed   

for rootstock production

2-Grafting

  • Veneer grafting

Both are commercially used.

Pineapple

Propagation
Pineapples are usually propagated by means of their crowns.

  • Their slips or “robbers,” which form below the pineapple.
  • Their ratoons, which grow out from under the ground.
  • Propagation through seeds is undesirable, and the use of pineapple seeds is usually restricted to breeding programs.

Custard Apple

Propagation

  • The seed is the usual means of propagation.
  • Nevertheless, the tree can be multiplied by inarching or by budding or grafting onto its own seedlings or onto soursop, sugar apple or pond apple rootstocks.
  • Custard apple seedlings are frequently used as rootstocks for the soursop, sugar apple and atemoya.

Jaman

Propagation:

Budding

Grafting

Seeds

Inarching

Cuttings – most commonly used methods

passion fruit

Propagation:

Seed

Cutting and grafting

Mostly budded and grafting on rootstock.

Horti Science, Horticulture

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