Blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)
The plants of blueberries are deciduous lasting bushes that go in size from 60 cm tall for low bush blueberries (up to 4 meters (13 feet) tall for high bush cultivars. They have straightforward curved leaves that are organized on the other hand along the spotted stems. The plants produce bunches of little urn-formed blossoms that extend in shading from white to pale pink. The natural products are genuine berries with numerous little seeds and are profound indigo to dark shading when ready.
The root system of blueberries
Blueberry plants produce new roots consistently. Root development, as a rule, starts toward the beginning of April, when soil temperatures reach around 55 °F and proceed through early November. Blueberry plants have a fine, shallow root framework. Roots bigger than 1 mm in measurement stay the plants and transport water and supplements to the shoots. In general, blueberry roots don expand a long way from the plant. In many soils, half to 60% of the root is situated in the top foot of soil and are inside 8 to 12 creeps from the crown. In any case, this establishing example can rely upon the board factors. In sandy soils, roots will become further than in dirt or sediment topsoil soils.
Plant growth of blueberries
Shoot development happens quickly in the spring and starts to slow in midsummer. Blossom buds create in pre-fall to late-summer as days get shorter and night temperatures cool.
Flowering on blueberries
Blossoming happens in spring when botanical buds swell and open. Botanical buds close to the tip of 1-year-old shoots open first. Timing and span of blossom fluctuate by cultivar and winning climate conditions.
During the developing season, blueberry plants require a great deal of dampness and in summer, when temperatures are high, the blueberries must be watered.
The primary year after the planting, blossom buds are evacuated. At the point when the plants arrive at a stature of 1 to 1.5 m (3-5 feet), pruning is required to reestablish natural product branches. To begin with, totally evacuate old, frail and sick branches. Likewise, expel branches that have developed during the most recent two years and which brought the yield. New shoots will show up beneath the cut.
Pollination in blueberries
Blueberries have an enormous number of blossoms (every bush can have 2000-3000 individual blossoms) and the nearness of various honey bees and honey bees is required for fertilization. Some varieties of blueberries are less attractive to bees (Duke Variety) than others (Weymouth variety), depending on the quality of nectar, flower colour and sugar content.
Harvesting of blueberries
The gather keeps going 6 two months, and it relies upon the picked assortments and developing conditions. Berries don’t develop simultaneously – on a similar branch one can regularly discover natural products in different development stages:
Ready organic product.
During harvest, one should be extremely cautious all together not to harm the natural products or plants.
Storage of blueberries
Blueberries stuffed in little shallow plastic pots can be saved refrigerated for 3 a month at a temperature of 0°C – 2°C (around 33°F) at an overall moistness of 85-90%. In-home nurseries, they ought to be devoured directly in the wake of picking – along these lines they lose nothing of their smell and scent.