A farm is a place of land and its buildings that are used for developing crops and rearing animals. It is dedicated frequently to agricultural approaches with the number one objective of manufacturing food and other vegetation. It’s miles the primary facility in meals production.
Farming System is a technique for developing farm- household structures, constructed at the standards of productiveness, profitability, balance and sustainability. The farming system technique emphasizes the expertise of farm household, network inter-linkages, critiques constraints and assesses potentials. And it combines improvements preferred from better generation.
Kinds of farming systems:
There are many types of farming systems in the world based upon the above-described classification criteria. A few important kinds are briefed here;
I) Arable farming
A farming system which includes manufacturing of only plants within the field and the related farm operation of cultural practices, harvesting, garage, transportation and advertising. It includes many distinct varieties of cropping structures.
Ii) Livestock/Cattle farming.
The rearing of animals at the farm for the production of meat, milk, eggs and associated farm operation of management like the purchase of farm inputs, vaccination schemes and delivery of the goods to the marketplace.
Iii) Poultry farming
The raising of bird for meat and egg manufacturing in farms and related to management operations.
Iv) Intensive farming.
On this machine, more than one cropping system and raising of greater cattle are carried out at the equal time, in one calendar year to get the most output from the land and hard work resources. There may be greened usage of solar energy and available sources at the farm to get the most yield.
V) Extensive farming.
In this system, substantial land is used for farming with minimum expenditure of no attention to efficient use of the alternative sources. Yields per unit region of land are generally low. The reason for such farming device is to get the most output from the scarce resource e.g. water, exertions, fertilizer.
Vi) Diverse farming.
In this system, an extensive spectrum of crops is cultivated and plenty of distinct styles of animals are raised.
Vii) Subsistence farming.
The farming system the fundamental goal is to fulfil the necessities of food, garb, and shelter of the farming circle of relatives. It is common in developing countries due to small landholdings of the farmers.
Viii) Business farming.
The farming system wherein goal is industrial-scale manufacturing of farm merchandise inclusive of a crop and farm animal products (milk, meat, eggs.
Ix) Truck farming.
The objective of such farming system is to supply one, or foremost forms of vegetation, or cattle to transport the goods to the close by the markets or agro-based enterprise. The goods are produced in bulk and marketed.
X) Dry / Rainfed farming
The farming system in which crop cultivation and rearing of cattle are executed in regions with low rainfall and no irrigation centres. The yields are largely suffering from water availability. The goal of such a system is to conserve moisture and get maximum feasible profits and output from the available rainfall or water.
Xi) Urban based farming system.
In huge cities and towns, extensive production of perishable high-value commodities inclusive of fresh greens is being carried out. This is a commercial system with excessive degrees of inputs (fertilizers, insecticides, and so forth. and links to the rural and urban areas.