New World Crops And Their Role In Agriculture Development
New world crop is a phrase that uses for the native crops of America before 1492 CE and not found anywhere else at that time. Back in 1942, Cristopher Columbus discovers more than a place. He discovered new people new civilization and new crops. The new crops are never seen and heard before by the Europeans and Africa. Columbus brought this food back to Europe and Africa and they spread like fire.
Some Important New World Crops
New Agriculture Crop Corn
Corn is native and grown to North, South, and Central America. It was grown there from thousands of the years even before the Cristopher Columbus arrived. Columbus trade with Indians and introduced this crop to Spain. And later it spread to other countries.
Good Horticulture Crop Potato
Potato is originated in South America, Bolivia, Chile, and Peru. And is the staple crop of Ireland.
Best Vegetable Crop Tomato
Tomato is originated in Mexico. Discovered in the early 1500s. It is not accepted completely before the 1800s. Italy and Spain were the initiates its production. Now it is the most important ingredient of Italian dishes. In early people avoid to use it because of its bright red colour they thought it might be poisonous.
Cocoa New Crop
Cocoa Indian in Mexico grow cacao and use these beans to make beverages. And later it was introduced to Spain in 1528 and Italy in 1606.
New Fruit Crop Pineapple
Pineapple is native to South and Central America. The Coulombs and explorer with it were the first ever to taste. They brought it back to their homeland and plant. It became the favourite of royalty and wealthy. Now it is used in medicine, meat tenderizer, and cattle feed.
Peanuts Best World Crop
Peanuts to South America and North America.
Sunflower New Crop
Sunflower to North America. Introduced to Europe in the 1500s. Mostly it is used to extract oil from its seed which is used in cooking commonly.
Squash Good Crop
Squash to the Western hemisphere. The Indians consumed it uncooked. The name squashes come from the astute squash, Narragansett Indian word come that means uncooked.
Vanilla World Best Crop
Vanilla is originated in Mexico. Its fruit extract is used as a flavour enhancer.
Quinine New Crop
Quinine is extracted from the tree bark named cinchona in 1600 a Spanish explorer discovered that Indians of South Americans use this extract as a medicine.
Some other important New World Crops
Bell pepper, Chilies, Tabaco, Beans, Pumpkin, Cassava root, Avocado, Pecan, Cashew, Blueberry, Petunia, Dahlia, Marigold, Black eye Susan, Wild rice and Gourds etc are good crops
Role Of New World Crops In The Development Of Agriculture
Crops provide the food, feed grain, oil, and fibre for domestic consumption and are a major component of export trade. Horticultural plants those grown specifically for human use offer variety to human diets and enhance the living environment.