Horticulture consists of two parts…
- Hortus: means garden.
- Colere: means to grow or to cultivate. (culture means cultivation)
The word horticulture first conceived by “Peter Laufenberg.”
Horticulture has been defined as the culture of plants, mainly for food, materials, comfort and beauty. According to an American horticultural scholar “Horticulture is growing of flowers, fruits and vegetables and of plants for ornament and fancy.”
The horticultural industry can be divided into three areas….
- Pomology.(deals with the fruits and their production technologies)
- Olericulture. (deals with the vegetables and seeds of vegetables)
- Ornamental horticulture.(deals with plants for aesthetic gratification)
- Preservation of horticulture produces for consumption. (Fruit production technology, tissue culture and post-harvest handling and plant sciences etc….)
How horticulture different from agriculture:
Both are the branches or fields of biology, in Horticulture, we deal with the small scale gardening and usually enclosed gardens through this are not a necessity. While Agriculture is done on a large scale, with extensive crop cultivation. Agriculture is the science of growing food crops and rearing animals for farming.
Benefits of horticulture:
Particular benefits of an active interest in gardening include:
- Better physical health.
- Improved mental health.
- To get fresh fruits and vegetables.
- Economical for consumption.
- To get organic fruits and vegetables.
- Use plants for the beautification of houses.
- To get different herbs for improving health.
- Improved mobility of muscles to do work in the garden.
- The opportunity to stay connects with nature.
Importance of horticulture:
- From a human nutrition point of view, horticulture is most important to our daily living. The human body needs vitamins, proteins and mineral also carbohydrates in their meal or diet. The consumption of fruits, vegetables meet this need of human and consume as their food or giving them nutrition for their better living or activities.
- Increased production of fruits vegetable to meet the population need is an important part of horticultural Technology become enables us to produce out of season fruits and vegetables for our consumption with better care and more production.
- Horticulture sector has great importance for their products produce which are also a source of foreign exchange and in this way it is a source of income.
- Plants also used as medicine to treat or cure diseases. Consumption of green vegetables and fresh fruits and juices also prevent us from different chronic or acute diseases.
- It is more profitable since the average income per unit area is more in horticultural crops than agricultural crops.
- Through horticulture sector, employment is also generated in doing different field operations like fruit picking, harvesting, grading, packing, selling etc….
- Roaming in the gardens, orchards or places well planted with flower beds etc…. it also gives mental peace and also a source of enjoying the beauty of nature.
- Aesthetic value and religious importance is the unique factor distinguishing it from agricultural activities. Mango leaves, wood, banana leaves etc… are used for religious functions. This aspect of horticulture has led to its universal popularity.
Scope of horticulture degree:
- The importance of horticulture in improving the productivity of land, generating employment, improving economic conditions of the farmers and entrepreneurs, enhancing exports and above all.
- Presently, the horticulture sector contributes around 31% of the GDP and 38% of the total exports of agriculture commodities from around 14% of
- India is the 2nd largest producer in the world, with 28 million tons of fruit occupying an area of 6.98 million hectares.
- The area under fruits in the state is 220,706 ha with a production of 866,344 MT.
- Himachal is the predominantly horticultural state which is bestowed with unique potentialities of growing temperate and sub-tropical fruits and vegetables.
- The economy of the farmers depends upon the cultivation of fruits and vegetables.
- Horticulture has a higher potential for export. International trading in fruits increased by 20% annually. With the production of quality fruits and implementation of improved technologies, the export of fruit can increased manifolds and many more countries will become the importers of Indian fruits.
Areas related to horticulture for providing employment:
- Fruit cultivation.
- Vegetable cultivation.
- Plantation and spice crop cultivation.
- Vegetable hybrid seed production.
- Cut flower production and floriculture units.
- Nursery rising.
- Tissue culture laboratories.
- Marketing of horticultural products and produce.
- Processing of horticultural produce.
- Government development departments.
- Ancillary services (fertilizers etc…)
- Research and educational base institutions.
How to become a horticulturist??
Horticulture is the study of plant physiology and plant propagation. Horticulturist applies their knowledge in any field of agriculture like in agronomy, soil science, forestry, botany, pathology, genetics or plant breeding or in chemical sciences etc…. work in the field of horticulture can be physically demanding and repetitious, and may be performed in all types of weathers. Travel may be required depending on the type of job. Horticulturist work as a green-house constructor, or also as a labour or field manager in the fields. Here are some steps to become a horticulturist….
1: Obtain a bachelor’s degree.
Becoming a horticulturist being’s with a bachelor’s degree in horticulture. This degree program almost last for 4 years and being with introductory courses like botany, chemical sciences and soil science.
2: Find a job.
Horticulturist can find a job easily in several sectors like landscape construction companies, university research departments and in government agencies.
3: Consider certification
Horticulturists can earn credentials such as those designed by the soil science society of America (SSSA) or as the crop certified advisor in other to improve their employment opportunities.
4: Advance your career
Experienced horticulturist’s wishing to advance their career can move up to managerial and supervisory positions or pursues advanced degrees. Some careers, such as those in research or academia, require a master’s degree or PhD.
Horticulturist needs a bachelor’s degree in plant sciences, or horticultural studies and minimum of a master’s degree are needed for field-specific research and teaching positions.